The standard has been developed in accordance with primary duty of care obligations under the work health and safety laws for persons conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU).
Although the majority of EWPs are used in construction, all industries must ensure this minimum standard of training is being met.
The minimum standard consists of specific criteria that must be addressed to satisfy five elements:
- plant identification
- hazard identification and control
- pre and post-start inspections
- safe general use
- shutdown and post-use inspection.
PCBUs must provide workers with reasonable information, instruction, training and supervision to operate an EWP in all of the foreseeable work situations which may arise.
You must ensure that:
- the type of EWP is appropriate for the task being performed
- EWPs are safe to use in that particular environment, taking into account other structures in the area, proximity to other workers and power lines and ground surface
- workers are supplied with correct personal protective equipment
- work is conducted safely
- EWPs are maintained in a safe condition.
Workers must take all practicable steps to protect their own health and safety in the workplace and ensure they don't place others at risk of harm. This includes both the actions they take as well as those they don’t take, such as not wearing safety gear.
Workers have a responsibility to:
- identify and report hazards as they arise
- follow safe work procedures and instructions that are in place
- wear any required personal protective equipment
- report any accidents or near misses immediately to their supervisor or appropriate person.
Before operating an EWP, workers must be appropriately trained and competent on each type of EWP being used.
Nationally recognised training is available from Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) for the various types of EWPs, including boom-type, scissor and trailer mounted.
A statement of attainment for High Risk Work Licence (class WP) training from an RTO is acceptable as proof of training for the operation of a boom-type EWP.
Where the length of the boom is 11 metres or more the operator must also have a High Risk Work Licence.
For experienced EWP operators without evidence of training, an alternative could be to arrange for an RTO to confirm prior knowledge.
When operating EWP models different to those used during training and assessment, operators should be provided with familiarisation training on the specific EWP they will be operating. EWP designs can differ between manufacturers and even models by the same manufacturer.
EWP operators must be supervised during the training period until they are deemed competent.
Training must also be given to other workers within the EWP in issues such as harness use, emergency procedures and overhead structures.
Operators should receive regular refresher training that covers the minimum standard.
PCBUs must put in place arrangements for ensuring that EWPs are used in accordance with safe work procedures by providing adequate supervision and monitoring by a nominated competent person. The use of EWPs during high risk construction work requires the implementation of a safe work method statement that describes how the control measures are to be monitored.
The person supervising the work activity must ensure there are clear lines of sight and communication while the EWP is being operated, to enable the warning of potential hazards.